6 Fundamental Pros and Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
Embryonic stem cells are the cells of human embryos. They are very powerful in medical research and treatment because they contain every single tissue that is present in the human body. While the power of this type of research is amazing, it has caused a very hot debate to begin about the ethics and morals involved with using human embryos for medical research. While the potential is astounding for this type of work, what could be the consequences for tampering into such a intricate and important field.
The Pros of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
1. Potential Cures Can Be Found
Many scientists and medical researchers strongly believe that embryonic stem cells contain the answers and cures to many diseases and chronic conditions. Just some of these are cancer, heart disease, spinal cord injuries, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s. If this was true, then this research is a very vital part of saving thousands or even millions of lives.
2. You Could Grow Organs
Many people are left with diseases that cause their organs to stop working, such as heart failure. In cases like this, a transplant is needed in order for the person to live. Using the technology that we have today and the cells that are obtained from embryos it is possible for scientists to grow a full size and fully functioning organ. This would help to save thousands of lives and end the daunting wait for a transplant that could take months or even years.
3. Free of Diseases
The cells, since they are taken from undeveloped human cells, contain absolutely no mutations or genetic diseases that could spread to the person who is being treated with them. This a huge advantages and also what makes embryonic stem cells so powerful for medical research.
The Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
1. Too Controversial
By far the biggest issue with the use of embryonic stem cell research is the controversy surrounding it. Essentially the cells are taken from a baby who would have otherwise grown into a fully developed human. Everyone’s beliefs differ on this subject, but a large majority believe that life begins at conception and that this is essentially murder for the sake of science.
2. It’s Expensive
Obtaining the stem cells is very difficult and often extremely expensive. However, this isn’t the only part of this process that is expensive. The research and experiments themselves are insanely priced. This is because of the technology that is needed and the level of training that the researchers must have in order to successfully do this.
3. Rejection of Tissue
Just like any type of medical transplant, the body can reject the tissues that are implanted. This can cause sickness, organ failure, and even death. In order to prevent this, precautionary medicines must be taken for anyone who uses stem cells. Life long medications must be taken, which can have their own side effects.